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R package implementing the nonparametric bounds for the average causal effect of Balke and Pearl (1997).


Install the released version of bpbounds from CRAN:


Or install the development version from GitHub with:

# Uncomment the next command if you don't have the remotes packages installed.
# The tidyverse have moved some functions out of the devtools package.
# install.packages("remotes") 

# I call install_github() with these options to build the vignette.
                        build_opts = c("--no-resave-data", "--no-manual"), 
                        build_vignettes = TRUE)

To update the development version of the package, simply run this command again.

Shiny App

There is a Shiny app demonstrating the package at:

Package website

The helpfiles and vignette are shown on the package website at:


Tom Palmer (maintainer, ), Roland Ramsahai, Vanessa Didelez, Nuala Sheehan.


Balke A, Pearl J. Bounds on Treatment Effects from studies with imperfect compliance. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 1997, 92, 439, 1171-1176, doi: 10.1080/01621459.1997.10474074.